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Jan 30th, 2020

ASVAB General Science Study Guide!

asvab general science study guide

Science on the ASVAB Exam!

Science is an important subject for many careers in the US army. Whether it’s working as an engineer or flying high in the skies above, candidates taking the ASVAB exam are expected to have a thorough knowledge of science.

In this ASVAB general science study guide, we will learn more about the subjects you need to study in the coming weeks and months. And given that general science is, in fact, very general – this means you have a lot of ground to cover. That can be difficult, but it is a worthwhile challenge. After all, learning about the natural world is interesting enough. All you need to do is put in the hours.

But you can only prepare to study if you know what to study.

One of the limitations of the ASVAB general science test is that it’s a very broad and comprehensive subject. Candidates are expected to have a rounded knowledge of all the major sciences – from chemistry and physics to biology, ecology, geology, and astronomy. Inevitably, candidates will have their own favorite subjects – but it’s important that you do not overprepare subjects for which you are already strong.

Let’s quickly review the kind of subjects and topics you will need to study in the coming weeks to prepare for the ASVAB exam.

ASVAB General Science Syllabus

Below, we have put together a table of the subjects most asked about on the ASVAB test. Though this is not a complete list, it does cover most topics you need to prepare.

Biology Body structure
Functions of bodily organs
Body systems
Cell structure and processes
Types of blood cell
Hormones and their effects
Scientific method
Skeletal system and types of joint
Basics of human nutrition
Principles of genetics
Biological classification of organisms
Plant structure / reproduction
Ecosystem structure
Chemistry  Structure of matter
Atoms, elements, and compounds
The periodic table
Solids, liquids, and gasses
Chemical formulae
Types of chemical reaction
Acids and bases
PhysicsSI units of measurement
Weight and mass
Newton’s laws
Work, force, energy, and power
Sound waves
Electromagnetic spectrum
Laws of thermodynamics
Earth Science Layers of the Earth
Layers of the atmosphere
Atmospheric gases
Weather systems
Types of cloud formation
Temperature conversions
Fault lines and earthquakes
Types of rock
Geological eras
AstronomyThe Milky Way
The Solar System
Equinox and solstices
Planetary composition
Phases of the moon
Kuiper belt
Meteors, comets, and asteroids

How to Pass the ASVAB General Science Exam

In the table above, there are 46 broad topics classified under 6 sciences.

As we can see, this requires the candidate to prepare well in advance. Given that competition for places within boot camp is high, only the highest-scoring candidates who pass the ASVAB general science exam will make it through.

To ace the exam, candidates must do as follows:

  • Make a detailed, long-term study plan that covers all topics above. This plan should be realistic and well-structured.
  • Make sure that you have the required study material – whether it be from books or online test prep programs – to help you through each topic.
  • Always add revision phases to your study timetable. You should revise at the end of each day and a broader revision study at the end of the entire week of study.
  • Make flashcards. Flashcards are one of the best ways to recall the essential, must-know science facts that always get tested.
  • Take as many ASVAB test practice questions as possible. The more questions you practice, the more gaps in your knowledge you can plug. Test questions also give you the opportunity to identify your weakest science and topics within that science. This helps you recalibrate your study plan and redirects it in a way that closes these knowledge gaps.
  • No ASVAB general science study guide would be complete without taking advantage of the many free online materials. Whether it’s YouTube videos or lessons or science websites and more – try to diversify your learning approach. The more approaches you take, the more exposure you have to the essential facts and skills that always get tested.

By taking this comprehensive, long-term, and structured approach to the ASVAB general science exam, it adds some much-needed discipline to your study. Rather than randomly studying topics here and there, hoping to cover as many bases as possible, this approach demands of the student the need to build discipline into their study timetable and ensure that they comprehensively cover all subjects that get tested.

No knowledge gaps will exist, and your study will be complete. This can give you the peace of mind that, on the day of your ASVAB exam, you won’t have a thing to worry about.

That’s about it for our ASVAB general science study guide! Check back to our blog at ASVAB Test Practice soon for more exclusive content to help you master the ASVAB exam and make it through to boot camp.



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