ASVAB Test Blog

May 30th, 2020

ASVAB Automotive and Shop Information Study Guide!

asvab automotive and shop information study guide

ASVAB Automotive and Shop Information Study Guide

Questions on automotive and shop information are not difficult, but you still need to brush up on the basics. Here in this ASVAB automotive and shop information study guide, we take you through what you need to know to pass.

Remember – the automotive and shop exam is not used to calculate your AFQT score; the score used to establish whether you are eligible to enlist in the US military. Instead, this subtest is used to determine whether you can join specialist roles in the military – typically those with a more practical and automotive bent, including many engineering-style roles.

Even if you are not looking to join these kinds of roles, you should still actively study and prepare for the automotive and shop information subtest. After all, the material itself is valuable. Knowing how engines work and understanding the various tools available to solve problems is a useful, long-term skill to know. So, whilst you may not need to over-focus on this subtest, you should take the time to learn the fundamental facts about automobiles and shop information.

The automotive and shop information exam tends to be prepared for years in advance. Most people who score high on the exam are already familiar with engines, automobile systems, and practical DIY knowledge. Not much study is needed for these candidates as they have already invested the prep work. That said, there is no harm brushing up on your knowledge to ensure that you have all the bases covered to ace this subtest of the ASVAB exam.

Exam Format

Depending on whether you are taking the CAT-ASVAB or the Paper ASVAB determines the number of ASVAB test questions you will be asked, and the allotted time available to answer those questions.

  • CAT-ASVAB: 20 questions to be answered in 13-minutes
  • Paper AVSAB: 25 questions to be answered in 11-minutes

Note that, for the CAT-ASVAB exam, the automotive part and the shop information part are counted as separate subtests. The automotive part asks 10 questions in 7-minutes, and the shop information component asks 10 questions in 6-minutes – (hence the 20 questions and 13-minutes above). However, when used to calculate your specialist eligibility score, the results are combined and used as one score.

For the Paper ASVAB, both the automotive subtest and shop information subtest are considered part of the same one exam.

What Gets Tested

To effectively prepare for the ASVAB test questions you will be asked, you must study in the weeks and months ahead.

To do that, you must know the syllabus of what gets tested – that way, you can weave together a long-term study plan that aims to cover all topics in a comprehensive and detail-oriented manner.

SubjectTopics Tested
Automotive InformationStructure of an engine
Four kinds of stroke
Common types of engine
Fuel injectors
Function of the throttle
Octane ratings
Cooling system
Electrical system
Ignition system
Drive system
Brake system
Emission-controlled systems
Shop InformationStriking tools
Fastening tools
Cutting tools
Drilling, punching, and gouging tools
Finishing tools
Clamping tools
Measuring tools
Types of fastener

How to Pass the ASVAB Automotive/Shop Information Exam

In the final part of this ASVAB automotive and shop information study guide, we learn more about the study tips and tricks, and exam techniques, that candidates should apply in the coming weeks and months. By investing time into these study tips and exam techniques, you massively increase the chance of scoring high and – given that competition for places within boot camp is high – you must perform far better than average to make it through. Of course, that principle applies more generally throughout the ASVAB exam.

First, you must get to grips with how engines work. There are two ways to do this:

  • Ask a friend or family member with knowledge about the engine to show you around an actual engine and how things work.
  • Go to YouTube and search for videos about how engines work. There are literally hundreds of high-quality videos that teach you the essential facts about both how the engine works but also how systems – such as the cooling or electrical system – work, too.

Taking a visual approach makes the subject far more engaging and relevant, much more than simply reading about concepts in books. The more you can see what’s going on, the more those diagrams in the books you study begin to make sense.

The same principle applies to shop information, too. Do not be afraid to search for videos about how various equipment works – the names given to specific nuts and bolts and tools – and what the specific function of each tool/bit is. Remember, you may be asked ASVAB test questions that ask you to identify a specific tool or bit from an image. Again, the best way to do this is to get to grips – literally – with the tools and bits in question. Though online books and study guides are effective, they do not replace the real thing. The automotive and shop information exam is, at the most fundamental level, a knowledge of practicality and DIY information. Use that as the basis for how you will study in the coming weeks.

Flashcards are, as always, one of the most powerful learning tools. There are many great ways to utilize flashcards. For example – you can have an image of the various tools and engine parts on one side of each card, and the answer/explanation on the opposite side. That way, in the lead up to the exam, you have all the information you need to know in the palm of your hands with a couple of dozen well-made flashcards.

The final weapon in your arsenal, then, is ASVAB test practice questions. The more questions you practice, the more you learn about your existing knowledge level and whether you know enough to take the real thing. Of course, the added advantage of ASVAB practice test questions is that you can learn from any answer explanation provided. So, even if you score low to begin with, you can harness this newly acquired knowledge to ensure that you do not answer the same questions incorrectly again. Do this over many weeks and watch your knowledge of ASVAB automotive and shop information grow to the point where you will dominate and ace the subtest.

That’s about it for this ASVAB automotive and shop information study guide. Check back to our blog soon for even more exclusive content and features to help you master the ASVAB exam and make it into boot camp!



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